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Iraqi forces gain ground on ISIL in Tal Afar offensive

Military advances in the ongoing offensive come as Pentagon chief makes unannounced visit in Iraq.

Tal Afar offensive

US-backed Iraqi forces say they are making gains in their ongoing push to dislodge ISIL fighters from the northern city of Tal Afar, as the Pentagon chief made a surprise visit in Iraq in a show of support.

The joint Iraqi forces took control of al-Jazirah area, in the eastern side of Tal Afar on Tuesday, as troops and members of the Shia Popular Mobilisation forces started heading towards the city centre, a security source told the DPA news agency. 

ISIL fighters, estimated to number up to 1,000, reportedly responded with artillery fire, as the government forces massed outside the city. The city has been under ISIL control since 2014. 

MAPPED: The battle against ISIL

Army, police and units of the Popular Mobilisation forces also took "full control" of Tal Afar's al-Kifah and al-Nur districts, Popular Mobilisation spokesman Ahmed al-Assadi was quoted by the AFP news agency as saying.

Assadi said the Iraqi forces had encircled the city despite the "intense" fighting, adding that the offensive would likely last for weeks.

Tal Afar, located some 70km west of the recently recaptured city of Mosul, is a key ISIL hub between Iraq's second largest city and the Syrian border.

In July, Iraqi troops, supported by the forces of a US-led coalition, routed ISIL in Mosul, allowing it to advance into Tal Afar on Sunday. ISIL still controls other areas in the south and west of Mosul.

The latest offensive has forced thousands of people to flee to the country's Kurdish region, according to the United Nations. 

Since Friday, more than 3,000 people had arrived at two emergency sites, many with just the clothes on their back, according to the International Organization for Migration.

UNHCR, the UN's refugee agency also said it had received some 9,000 people at the Hamman al-Alil transit centre in the past week, and it was preparing to accommodate nearly 30,000 more.

Mattis visit

As the fighting continues, US Defence Secretary Jim Mattis, who made an unannounced visit to Iraq, declared that "ISIS is on the run", following his meeting with Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi in Baghdad.

"Today, the security for the Iraqi people has been greatly improved," Mattis said. "Cities have been liberated. People are free from ISIS...the economy is recovering."

But Mattis declined to make any predictions on the battle.

"ISIS's days are certainly numbered, but it's not over yet and it's not going to be over anytime soon," he said.

Mattis then left for Erbil, the capital of Iraq's Kurdish semi-autonomous region, where he is scheduled to hold a meeting with President Massoud Barzani.

A key sticking point in the meeting is Iraqi Kurdistan's plan for an independence referendum on September 25, strongly opposed by the US and Baghdad.

Barzani has so far resisted international pressure to delay the referendum.   

Brett McGurk, the White House envoy to the anti-ISIL coalition, told the Associated Press news agency that a referendum at this time "would be potentially catastrophic to the counter-ISIS campaign".

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