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Iran: Five days needed to ramp up uranium enrichment

Iran's atomic boss says Tehran 'loyal' to nuclear deal but ready to respond if US renegotiates or walks away from it.

uranium enrichment

Iran's atomic chief has warned that the Tehran needs only five days to ramp up its uranium enrichment to 20 percent, a level at which the material could be used for a nuclear weapon.

The comments by Ali Akbar Salehi to Iranian state television on Tuesday followed repeated threats by US President Donald Trump to renegotiate or walk away from a historic 2015 nuclear deal.

"If there is a plan for a reaction and a challenge, we will definitely surprise them," said Salehi, who also serves as one of Rouhani's vice presidents.

"If we make the determination, we are able to resume 20 percent-enrichment in at most five days."

He added: "Definitely, we are not interested in such a thing happening. We have not achieved the deal easily to let it go so easily. We are committed to the deal and we are loyal to it."

Iran gave up the majority of its stockpile of 20 percent-enriched uranium as part of the nuclear deal it struck with world powers, co-signed by Trump's predecessor, President Barack Obama.

The 2015 accord, which lifted sanctions on Iran, currently caps the country's uranium enrichment at five percent.

In recent weeks, Trump had already signed new sanctions imposing mandatory penalties on people involved in Iran's ballistic missile programme and anyone who does business with them.

The US legislation also applies "terrorism" sanctions to Iran's Revolutionary Guard and enforces an existing arms embargo.

'Breakout time toward a bomb'

In response, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani warned last week that Tehran could ramp up its nuclear programme and quickly achieve a more advanced level if the US continues "threats and sanctions" against his country.

While Iran has long maintained its nuclear programme is for peaceful purposes, uranium enriched to 20 percent and above can be used in nuclear bombs.

As part of the 2015 deal, Iran processed its stockpile of near 20 percent uranium into a lower enrichment, turned some into fuel plates to power a research reactor and shipped the rest to Russia.

The Obama administration and most independent experts said at the time of the deal that Iran would need at least a year after abandoning the accord to have enough nuclear material to build a bomb.

Before the deal was struck, they said the timeframe for Iran to "break out" towards a bomb was a couple of months.

While the economic benefits of the deal have yet to reach the average Iranian, it has paved the way for the reopening of the country's economy, while also boosting its oil production and sales. 

Businesses have also started to sign multi-billion dollar deals with international companies, including Airbus and the US-based Boeing.

Analysts said abandoning the deal would also put those economic gains in jeopardy.

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